The elders went to the garden of Gethsemane with weapons! One of Jesus’ disciples drew his sword…
Malchus was the servant of the Jewish High Priest Caiaphas who participated in the arrest of Jesus as written in the four gospels. According to the Bible, one of the disciples, Simon Peter, being armed with a sword, cut off the servant’s ear in an attempt to prevent the arrest of Jesus.
Jesus healed him, while under arrest for crimes He did NOT commit or fathom!
This opens a can of worms! A sword? Why? Did men carry swords un those days?
In Luke 22:35-38 there is reference to Jesus instructing the disciples to buy weapons and in John 18:10 there is the reference to Simon Peter drawing a sword and cutting off a servants ear.
Why were the followers of a ‘man of peace’ armed and prepared to use violence? Were they in any way connected to The Sicarii?
In 6 CE Judea was invaded and occupied by the Roman Empire. This invasion and occupation quickly led to the expansion of revolutionary Messianic movements, and the widespread desire that a Messiah would come and liberate the Jewish people. This Messiah was to be a great war leader rather than a propagator of peace. Some took the position that ground needed to be prepared for the arrival of this Messiah and commenced a campaign of terror designed to provoke the Romans. One loosely formed group, the Sicarii emerged shortly after the Roman take-over and were one focus for the increasingly militant Zealot movement.
The Sicarii’s ultimate aim, like those of resistance movements in occupied countries was to free the Jewish people from Roman rule Their strategy for this was to target not only Romans but also any Jews who assisted them in any way. Consequently their victims included Roman soldiers, tax collectors, Jewish women who fraternised with Romans, Jews who collaborated with the Roman occupation, Jewish shopkeepers or merchants who traded to them. All seen to be collaborating with or supporting the Roman occupation were to use modern military parlance ‘legitimate targets’. One contemporary account given by Josephus suggests that the group attacked Jewish villages killing hundreds of civilians.
The Sicarii were so named because they carried daggers hidden in their cloaks. The modus operandi of a Sicarius was to mingle with crowds at markets and festivals where targets could be attacked without warning and under the cover of the confusion of the crowd. As the victim collapsed often with multiple stab wounds, the attackers would dissipate into the crowds, concealing their daggers under their cloaks (the name Sicarii translates directly as ‘knife-men’).
This tactic, still employed by modern terrorists provoked the response wanted by the Zealot organisations. Mass unrest was initiated and the Romans retreated from the occupied territory, giving the appearance of victory to the Sicarii and similar movements. This is one of the purposes of modern terrorism.
Their ‘victory’ was however short lived. The Romans returned having learned their lessons. Jerusalem was attacked and effectively destroyed and the Zealot movements and the Sicarii were hunted down and eradicated with the symbolic final mass suicide of the rebels at Masada.
Returning back to our ‘meat’ this share:
“In the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried Him away, and delivered Him to Pilate.
And Pilate asked Him, Art Thou The King of the Jews? And Jesus answering said unto them, “Thou sayest it”.
The acronym INRI represents the Latin inscription IESVS NAZARENVS REX IVDÆORVM (Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum), which in English translates to “Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews” (John 19:19).
And the chief priests accused Him of many things:
Charge (someone) with an offense or crime.
“He was accused of murdering his wife’s lover”
claim that (someone) has done something wrong.
“he was accused of favoritism”
To practice deceit, falsehood, and treachery either by word or action. It is the exact opposite of truth. The sanctity of truth is fundamental in biblical teaching since it is based on the nature and character of God ( Num 23:19 ; 1 Sam 15:29 ;Rom 3:4 ; Titus 1:2 ; Heb 6:18 ). Therefore, to despise truth is to despise God, and the Scriptures treat this topic with profound seriousness.
In the garden of Eden the serpent denied the truth of God’s pronouncement and encouraged the woman to act in defiance of divine truth ( Gen 3:4 ). The results of this action (3:7-24) demonstrate clearly that it is God and his word that are true. The Mosaic Law, summarized in the Ten Commandments, presents the bearing of false witness as a malicious sin against one’s fellow man ( Exod 20:16 ; Deut 5:20 ; 19:18-19 ; cf. Exodus 23:1-2 Exodus 23:7 ; Deut 22:13-21 ). Lying undermines moral standards and is, therefore, often associated with even more glaring sins (e.g., 2 Sam 11:6-27 ; 1 Kings 21:10 ).
The Wisdom Literature, too, prohibits all false witness and lying ( Prov 6:16-19 ; 12:22 ). It particularly points out how lying destroys community and interpersonal relations ( Prov 25:18 ; Proverbs 26:18-19 Proverbs 26:28 ). A God-honoring community is built on truth and trust, the opposite of lying and deceit. Judgment for lying will be incurred from God, who cannot lie ( Proverbs 19:5 Proverbs 19:9 ; 25:18 ). The psalmists repeatedly warn against all falsehood and commend truth-telling ( 24:4-5 ; 27:12 ), for a liar disqualifies himself from worship ( 15:2 ).
The Old Testament prophets emphatically forbid lying and all deceit and show that this standard is fundamental to those who are in covenant relationship with the Lord ( Isaiah 59:4Isaiah 59:14-15 ; Jer 7:28 ; Ezek 13:9 ; Hosea 4:1-2 ; Zech 8:16-17 ). One reason that the nation suffers the discipline of the Lord is her insistence on lying. False prophets (i.e., those who prophesy false visions, divinations, and delusions of their own minds) are frequently condemned ( Isa 9:15 ; Jer 14:14 ; 23:25-26 ; 28:15 ; Ezek 13:6-7 ; 21:29 ; 22:28 ; Micah 2:11 ; Zech 10:2 ; 13:3 ).
In the New Testament, Christ as the Son of God is spoken of as absolutely true ( John 1:17 ; 14:6 ). The New Testament uses a number of Greek words to deal with the concept of lying, though the primary words used are hypokrinomai[uJpokrivnomai] and pseudomai [yeuvdomai]. These are translated by words such as falsehood, craftiness, error, deceive, mislead, and cheat.
As expected, there is no change of standards in the New Testament in regard to lying. Simple honesty is a fundamental virtue of the follower of Christ ( Matt 5:37 ); lying is the basic sin denoting the opposite. The seriousness of lying in relation to the Holy Spirit of Truth ( John 16:13 ) is indicated in Scripture by the fate of Ananias and Sapphira ( Acts 5:1-11 ). Lying characterizes the unregenerated person ( Eph 4:22-24 ; Col 3:9 ) and is part of the old life that is to be put off by the believer ( Eph 4:25 ). John points out that to lie is to engage in the surrender of personal integrity, of one’s standing with his brother, and of one’s standing with God ( 1 John 2:4 ; 4:20 ). The paramount lie in the New Testament is the denial that Jesus is the Christ ( 1 John 2:22 ). An ever-present danger of sin lies in exchanging “the truth of God for a lie” and in subsequently reaping impaired moral standards ( Rom 1:25 ). Since “no lie comes from the truth” ( 1 John 2:21) and because lying is obviously hateful to the God of truth and is in fact attributed to the devil (“for there is no truth in him, “ John 8:44 ), there will be no place for any form of deception, pretense, or hypocrisy in the New Jerusalem ( Rev 21:27 ; 22:15 ). The one characterized by lies forfeits any hope of eternal salvation, for he does not truly know the God of truth ( Rev 21:27 ; 22:15 ).
The Scriptures bear universal, consistent, and clear testimony to the absolute sin of lying. It can never be right to lie because it is contrary to the nature of God. However, there are difficulties to be reckoned with in Scripture such as the lack of condemnation of untruths in certain circumstances, the use made of lies in the fulfilling of God’s purposes, the approval of the use of partial truth, and the appearance of God as being the sponsor of falsehood in connection with inspiring false prophets with erroneous messages.
Concerning the lack of condemnation, at times, of untruth in Scripture (e.g., Rahab, Joshua 2:4-6 ), it must be understood that lack of condemnation is not approval nor is commendation of an individual by God a commendation of every element or action of that person. Nowhere is lying approved. Rather, lying that is not denounced must be seen as that which is assumed as wrong in keeping with the universal teaching of Scripture on truth. In the case of the commendation of Rahab it is her faith that welcomed the spies that is sanctioned ( Heb 11:31 ) and so the lie must be seen as an unnecessary addition. Commendable biblical characters who become entangled in a lie or lies (i.e., Abraham, Gen 20:2 ; the midwives in Egypt, Exod 1:17-21 ; David 1 Sam 21:2 ; Peter, Matt 26:72 ) should have this period or incident seen as the exception (though still inexcusable) rather than the pattern.
Similar to the difficulty above is the apparent use made of lies in the fulfilling of God’s purpose (e.g., Jacob’s deception to obtain the blessing promised to him by God, Gen 25:23 ;27:35 ). It must be explicitly stated that God does not approve or need methods that are alien to the integrity of his character to fulfill his purposes. However, God by his sovereignty in his work with sinful humankind, is able to accommodate such lapses and still fulfill his purposes. Never, however, is lying a prerequisite to fulfilling the divine plan.
Concerning the approval of the use of partial truth (e.g., God’s instructions to Samuel, 1 Sam 16:2-3 ) a careful distinction must be maintained between partial truth and untruth. Some, like Saul, have forfeited their right to know all the truth as demonstrated by past actions and the willingness, as Saul had, to commit murder if all the truth be known. Therefore, God demonstrates the right to conceal certain facts from such a person. God’s people have no right to speak an untruth, but there are times when the right to know all truth has been forfeited by someone.
The appearance of God as being the sponsor of falsehood in connection with inspiring false prophets with erroneous messages (e.g., 1 Kings 22:21-22 ; Jer 4:10 ; Ezek 14:9 ) must be taken in context. It is true that God’s role is expressed in an imperative form but it is in the context of those who have already committed themselves to such a role in life. God himself cannot do or will evil. He can, however, in his sovereignty, use committed false prophets to accomplish his divine purpose. Although God does not lie, he does allow others to use lies and at times applies this to further his own plans (i.e., 1 Kings 22:23 ; 2 Thess 2:11 ).
But Jesus answered nothing.
And Jesus answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
And Pilate asked Him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against Thee. But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled. Mark 15:1-5
And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou Me good? none is good, save ONE, that is, God. Mark 10:18
We could go crazy here with analysis of each word/sentence! But; what is stands! Jesus already stood in our place! Amen.
Greater Love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. John 15:13
So, simply I ask: “What do you owe Him?”
We sometimes are steered ‘wrong’ in understanding what is! So many times people see death as the end! End to what?
“Life” I am told!
“Life?!” I say. Then????
In jumps/creeps a definition we care to be ignorant about. AFTERLIFE! So many descriptions, definitions, suppositions! What is right? Who is right?
Wow! What to believe, to go with, to trend toward. We ALL will eventually pass away! Yes, there are individuals in their 100’s, but after that, then what? Seriously! Then what?
Interestingly enough, an ‘educated’ individual caught a glimpse. Actually; many individuals catch glimpses of just what is to come! How?
What determines the end of life? Feel free to browse:
What have we as individuals done to ‘eass’ people into this state? End of life care.
End of life care means care for those who are approaching the end of their life, including their family and friends. It often means the treatment of symptoms and can extend to counselling or spiritual guidance.
Funny, for some reason spirituality is connected with this transition! To where?
Benjamin Franklin said, “In this world nothing is certain but death and taxes.” His humorous words remind us of a grave truth: Everyone dies.
Since death is completely unavoidable for each of us, it’s necessary to confront the question “What happens when we die?” Since the beginning of time, philosophers, scientists, and world religious leaders have explored the idea of life after death.
What others have found
Philosopher Immanuel Kant, for example, concluded that practical ethics requires life after death as well as the existence of a just judge. Albert Einstein’s first law of thermodynamics, which states that energy and matter cannot be created or destroyed, has been used to argue that life does not end at death.
More recently, interviews of people who have been declared clinically dead, only to be revived later, reveal their experiences during that time interval, suggesting that there is life after death.
What Christianity has to say
Christianity is not silent on this matter. The Bible tells us that God has set eternity in the human hearts (Ecclesiastes 3:11). This is one reason why death makes us sad: We weren’t made to “end.” Throughout Scripture, we see that we do not cease to exist when our earthly bodies die.
The Bible also teaches of the existence of a literal heaven and hell. From an eternal standpoint, to be present in one is to be absent in the other. Heaven is void of all evil, which leaves hell as a terrible alternative.
Every human being that dies will spend eternity in either heaven or hell. A natural response might be to wonder why there are two options.
First, we remember an important, but often overlooked, attribute of the God of the Bible: His holiness. To be holy is to be perfect in goodness and righteousness.
Next, we must keep in mind a truth about ourselves: our lack of holiness. The Bible teaches that all of human kind has fallen short and missed the mark of perfection, which is referred to as sin (Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:23).
The eternal dilemma
Bill Bright, founder of Cru, wrote of the resulting dilemma. “God is holy and people are sinful. A great gulf separates the two. People attempt to reach God through their own efforts, including having a good life, holding to a certain philosophy, and practicing religion. But no human efforts enable a person to reach God.”
A holy God in a holy heaven cannot allow us, in our sinful state, to enter His presence. Thus, left to our own devices, we are prohibited from going to heaven when we die. Although most people assume they will go to heaven, the default is actually hell.
Fortunately, the Bible does not leave us without hope.
The main message of Christianity communicates about God’s love. The concept of love does not blend well with the idea of eternal hell. How can a loving God send people to hell?
The Bible tells us that we earn eternal separation from God because of our sin (Romans 6:23), resulting in an eternity in hell. But what if there were a way for this penalty to be paid and for us to be rescued from the tortures of hell?
God, in His great love, did not remain silent. He cared so much that He sent His only Son, Jesus Christ, to earth to live a perfect life and die a terrible death on a cross in order for us to have eternal life in heaven (John 3:16). Jesus’ death paid for our sins and thus, bridged the gulf between us and God, and made a way to alter our eternal fate.
The real question
So, how will we respond? We can choose to accept the free offer of Christ’s payment for our sins, or we can reject Him. It is no longer a question of “Why would a loving God send people to hell?” Instead the real question becomes “Why not receive the free gift of heaven?”
As you ponder the questions about life after death and the uncertainties of how many days you have left to live on this earth, consider your options. God has provided a way for you to know for sure where you will spend eternity. How now will you answer the question, “What will happen when I die?”
I am aware that reading has its limitations, we will trend toward audio shares.
Ok to focus! interrupted The story at its climax!
Jesus wept three times during his short three year ministry; how many times did he weep between the ages of twelve and thirty? Was Jesus too emotional?
I. He wept three times that we know of during His three year public life:
1] “ Now a certain man was ill, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. It was Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was ill. So the sisters sent to him, saying, “Lord, he whom you love is ill.” But when Jesus heard it he said, “This illness does not lead to death. It is for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”…
”Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in Me, though he die, yet shall he live, …”
“Now when Mary came to where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet, saying to him, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.” When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in his spirit and greatly troubled. And he said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Lord, come and see.” Jesus wept. So the Jews said, “See how he loved him!” But some of them said, “Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man also have kept this man from dying?” Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it. Jesus said, “Take away the stone.”Martha, the sister of the dead man, said to him, “Lord, by this time there will be an odor, for he has been dead four days.” Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believed you would see the glory of God?” So they took away the stone. And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me. I knew that you always hear me, but I said this on account of the people standing around, that they may believe that you sent me.” 43 When he had said these things, he cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out.” The man who had died came out, his hands and feet bound with linen strips, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”…[JOHN 1–45, ESV]
2] JESUS WEEPS OVER JERUSALEM: “34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing!” [LUKE 13:34, ESV]
“And when he drew near and saw the city, He wept over it, saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you and hem you in on every side and tear you down to the ground, you and your children within you. And they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know the time of your visitation.” [LUKE 19:41–44, ESV]
3] “7 In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to Him who was able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His reverence.” [HEBREWS 5:7, ESV]
We at times may mistake the occurence of sweating blood! with tears.
The night before Jesus Christ was crucified, He prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane. It is in Luke’s Gospel where we see that His sweat was like drops of blood: “And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground” (Luke 22:44). Hematidrosis is a rare, but very real, medical condition where one’s sweat will contain blood. The sweat glands are surrounded by tiny blood vessels. These vessels can constrict and then dilate to the point of rupture where the blood will then effuse into the sweat glands. Its cause—extreme anguish. In the other Gospel accounts, we see Jesus’ level of anguish: “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death” (Matthew 26:38; cf. Mark 14:34).
The intense anguish and sorrow Jesus felt was certainly understandable. Being God, Christ knew “all that was going to happen to Him” (John 18:4). He knew in painstaking detail the events that were to follow soon after He was betrayed by one of His very own disciples. He knew He was about to undergo several trials where all of the witnesses against Him would lie. He knew that many who had hailed Him as the Messiah only days earlier would now be screaming for His crucifixion (Luke 23:23). He knew He would be flogged nearly to the point of death before they pounded the metal spikes into His flesh. He knew the prophetic words of Isaiah spoken seven centuries earlier that He would be beaten so badly that He would be “disfigured beyond that of any man” and “beyond human likeness” (Isaiah 52:14). Certainly, these things factored into His great anguish and sorrow, causing Him to sweat drops of blood. Yet there was more.
Crucifixion was considered to be the most painful and torturous method of execution ever devised and was used on the most despised and wicked people. In fact, so horrific was the pain that a word was designed to help explain it—excruciating, which literally means “from the cross.” From His arrest in the garden until the time our Lord stated, “It is finished” (John 19:30), Scripture records only one instance where Jesus “cried out in a loud voice” (Matthew 27:46). As our sinless Savior bore the weight of the world’s sins on His shoulders, His Father must have looked away, as His “eyes are too pure to look on evil” (Habakkuk1:13), causing the suffering Servant to cry out “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?”—“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Psalm 22:1; Matthew 27:46). The spiritual pain of this feeling of abandonment no doubt greatly exceeded the intense physical pain the Lord endured on our behalf.
At the beginning of creation, human history began in a garden (Genesis 2:8), and when the first Adam sinned against God in this garden, death entered the world (Genesis 3:6). Thousands of years later, Jesus Christ, the last Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45), entered into another garden to accept the cup from His Father’s hand (Matthew 26:42; Mark 14:36; Luke 22:42), and death was about to be swallowed up in victory. Although God’s plan was designed before the creation of the world (Ephesians 1:4–5), we must never forget that its execution came at a great cost. Ultimately, then, we are the ones responsible for the blood that dripped from our Savior as He prayed in the garden. And we are the reason Jesus’ soul was overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Indeed, these bloodied sweat drops came at a great cost; let us never forget that.