The phrase “the disciple whom Jesus loved” (Greek: ὁ μαθητὴς ὃν ἠγάπα ὁ Ἰησοῦς, ho mathētēs hon ēgapā ho Iēsous) or, in John 20:2, the disciple beloved of Jesus (Greek: ὃν ἐφίλει ὁ Ἰησοῦς, hon ephilei ho Iēsous) is used six times in the Gospel of John, but in no other New Testament accounts of Jesus. John 21:24 states that the Gospel of John is based on the written testimony of this disciple. Since the end of the first century, the Beloved Disciple has been commonly identified with John the Evangelist. Scholars have debated the authorship of Johannine literature (the Gospel of John, Epistles of John, and the Book of Revelation) since at least the third century, but especially since the Enlightenment.
Muratori) was identified as John the apostle and author of the fourth gospel, letters (1-3) and Revelations. This would correspond or coincide with the Ephesus tradition according to which John the apostle who, according to Irenaeus of Lyons (Ad. Haer. III, 1, 1-2), wrote his gospel in Ephesus, took Mary, the mother of God, with him to that famous city in Asia minor where she died according to legend. However, there is no absolute certitude as to whether John the apostle and the beloved disciple were the same person or not. Two arguments speak in favor of two different identities: the beloved disciple remains anonymous. His personal identity is not well circumscribed. Some scripture scholars believe that he stands for the typical or, if you want, perfect or ideal disciple of Jesus. The beloved disciple is always closely related to Christ, at his side (13, 23), faithful unto death (19, 26), witness of the resurrection (20.8), and interpreter of Christ’s post-paschal apparitions (21.7). He is the one who best embodies the so-called Johannine menein, i.e. remaining with, in and through Christ. The second argument some scholars use refers to the probable or possible discrepancy between the simplicity of the non-academic apostle John (Acts 4, 13) and the highly cultured author of the fourth gospel. However, it remains that the oldest and strongest Church tradition regarding this question sees in John the apostle and the beloved disciple one and the same person.
As one of Jesus’ twelve apostles, there is a consensus among biblical scholars that John was perhaps Jesus’ closest earthy companion, “the disciple whom Jesus loved.”
From the Scriptures we learn that John was a steady, strong and stabilizing force among Jesus of Nazareth’s early followers. Although he was God’s son, Jesus was also human and subject to the strains and stresses of life. His friendship with John likely fortified and inspired Him during three years of active and history-making ministry.
Good friends serve as a ballast in the storms of life.
Who wrote the book of Revelation?
John the Elder. The Book of Revelation was written sometime around 96 CE in Asia Minor. The author was probably a Christian from Ephesus known as “John the Elder.” According to the Book, this John was on the island of Patmos, not far from the coast of Asia Minor, “because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus”