John 3:16 may be the most famous verse in the Bible. It is certainly the most-memorized piece of Scripture. However, John 1:12 is also an excellent summary of the gospel. All who receive Christ, through faith, become children of God. This is described using the Greek term exousia, often translated as a “right,” or an entitlement. There are spiritual honors given to all believers, simply on the basis of being part of that family. However, this word also implies the power to do something. Becoming a child of God doesn’t simply result in privileges, but spiritual power. A name, in literature, legal documents, and conversation, is a symbol of that person. The “name” of Jesus is not a magical formula, or a voodoo incantation. “Faith in the name of Jesus” means trust in His person, His sacrifice, and His salvation. This is not for absolutely everyone, however. This verse specifies that this power (or right) is only extended to those who “receive” Him.
John 1:1–18 is a poetic introduction of Jesus Christ. Jesus is referred to using the Greek word Logos, meaning “The Word.” This passage clearly describes Jesus as identical to God, and co-Creator with God. These verses summarize Jesus’ ministry and mission on Earth. The passage also explains how John the Baptist (a different John from the author of this gospel) was sent ahead of Christ to prepare for His arrival.
The first chapter of John introduces Jesus as “the Word,” from the Greek Logos. This chapter clearly describes Jesus as identical to God. After this prologue, the chapter describes Jesus recruiting the first of His disciples, as well as a conversation between John the Baptist and the Pharisees. There are seven names for Christ in this chapter, including “The Son of God,” “The Word,” and “The King of Israel.”